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11G RAC环境GRID目录及文件错误权限的修复

最近一段时间,遇到几个项目由于种种原因导致GRID_HOME目录或者下面的文件的权限被修改,出现CRS不能正常的启动。在启动ora.mdnsd的时,一直在STARTING。此故障原来模拟过几次都很轻松搞定,并且在半年前一个生产环境中的操作中也很顺利,但是这次一个朋友RP不好,不管怎么弄,就是不能启动。再来测试一下11.2.0.3/11.2.0.4环境中怎么恢复文件的权限。在下面操作中,会提到rootcrs.pl脚本,在11.2.0.3.6后oracle为了解决权限问题,添加init参数,但是此参数作用有限,并不是help中介绍的那样。

1 11.2.0.4环境测试

1.1  测试前的资源状态

下面查看一下测试前的资源状态,确保每个资源的状态都是正常的。

[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.OCR.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Started             
ora.gsd
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112042                                    
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac11204.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Open                
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Open                
ora.rac112041.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac112042.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041

 

1.2 修改目录的属主为ROOT

将/oracle目录的权限全部修改为root:root

 

[root@rac112042 ~]# chown -R root:root /oracle

 

1.3 启动主机,观察报错

这里直接重启主机来测试的,因为修改的权限crs不能正常停。

[root@rac112042 ~]# reboot
[root@rac112042 ~]# 
Broadcast message from root@rac112042
        (/dev/pts/0) at 18:39 ...

The system is going down for reboot NOW!

[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t -init
An error occurred while attempting to change log file permissions. Logging may not be active for this process.
CLSU-00100: Operating System function: scls_chmod failed with error data: 1
CLSU-00101: Operating System error message: Operation not permitted
CLSU-00103: error location: chmodfail
CLSU-00104: additional error information: chmod operation failed
An error occurred while attempting to change log file permissions. Logging may not be active for this process.
CLSU-00100: Operating System function: scls_chmod failed with error data: 1
CLSU-00101: Operating System error message: Operation not permitted
CLSU-00103: error location: chmodfail
CLSU-00104: additional error information: chmod operation failed
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.cluster_interconnect.haip
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.crf
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.crsd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.cssdmonitor
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.ctssd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                                                   
ora.drivers.acfs
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.gipcd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.gpnpd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
ora.mdnsd
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               STARTING 

    可以看到crs启动的时候一直HANG在了.ora.mdnsd这个资源,启动的动作一直视STARTING,代表一直在启动这个资源。还能看到CRSCTL报错信息

1.3.1 查看GRID的ALERT日志

[ohasd(1964)]CRS-2112:The OLR service started on node rac112042.
2015-12-15 05:50:23.407: 
[ohasd(1964)]CRS-1301:Oracle High Availability Service started on node rac112042.
2015-12-15 05:50:23.430: 
[ohasd(1964)]CRS-8017:location: /etc/oracle/lastgasp has 2 reboot advisory log files, 0 were announced and 0 errors occurred
2015-12-15 05:50:28.420: 
[/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/orarootagent.bin(2186)]CRS-2302:Cannot get GPnP profile. Error CLSGPNP_NO_DAEMON (GPNPD daemon is not running). 

2015-12-15 05:52:32.545: 
[ohasd(1964)]CRS-2757:Command 'Start' timed out waiting for response from the resource 'ora.mdnsd'. Details at (:CRSPE00111:) {0:0:2} in /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/ohasd/ohasd.log.

这里看到ora.mdnsd资源启动时候出现了timed out还在方法的重试。

1.3.2 查看ohasd日志

[root@rac112042 ~]# tail -f /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/ohasd/ohasd.log
2015-12-15 05:52:34.274: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:0:2} Agfw Proxy Server replying to the message: AGENT_HANDSHAKE[Proxy] ID 20484:11
2015-12-15 05:52:34.277: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.daemon.type] ID 8196:312 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.278: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.asm.type] ID 8196:313 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.279: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.evm.type] ID 8196:314 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.280: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.gipc.type] ID 8196:315 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.282: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.gpnp.type] ID 8196:316 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.283: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.haip.type] ID 8196:317 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.284: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESTYPE_ADD[ora.mdns.type] ID 8196:318 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.285: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESOURCE_ADD[ora.asm 1 1] ID 4356:319 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid
2015-12-15 05:52:34.286: [    AGFW][314713856]{0:11:2} Received the reply to the message: RESOURCE_ADD[ora.mdnsd 1 1] ID 4356:320 from the agent /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oraagent_grid

1.4 修改文件权限

这里直接使用chown -R 修改文件的权限,grid在安装的时候,在执行root.sh前$ORACLE_HOME目录下面所有的文件的都是grid:oinstall的(这里具体的安装用户,用户组可能不一样,根据各个环境不同做相应的修改)。

[root@rac112042 app]# pwd
/oracle/app
[root@rac112042 app]# chown -R grid:oinstall 11.2.0
[root@rac112042 app]# chown -R grid:oinstall grid

init修改部分文件的权限

[root@rac112042 app]# /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -init
Using configuration parameter file: /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

由于GRID_HOME目录下面部分文件的属主是root,特别是与acfs、asmfd等相关的文件。需要使用init来修改,如果没有使用相关的功能,这步可以不需要操作的。

修改oracle 2进制文件权限

这里需要6751的权限

[root@rac112042 app]# ls -l /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwxr-x--x 1 grid oinstall 209914519 Aug 27 21:16 /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
[root@rac112042 app]# chmod 6751 /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
[root@rac112042 app]#  ls -l /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x 1 grid oinstall 209914519 Aug 27 21:16 /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle

1.5 重启CRS

重启CRS后的资源状态如下

[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource  -t -init
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.asm
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Started             
ora.cluster_interconnect.haip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.crf
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.crsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.cssdmonitor
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.ctssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                OBSERVER            
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                                                   
ora.drivers.acfs
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.gipcd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.gpnpd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.mdnsd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.OCR.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Started             
ora.gsd
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112042                                    
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac11204.db
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Open                
ora.rac112041.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac112042.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041

1.6 TRACE  init修改的文件内容

下面通过strace命令可以跟踪到init参数修改了那些文件的权限

[root@rac112042 bin]# strace /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -init >/tmp/rootcrs_init.txt
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig/rootcrs_rac112042.log", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/rac11204cluster", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log", 0775) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042", 01755) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/crsd", 0750) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/ctssd", 0750) = 0
chmod("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/evmd", 0750) = 0
........
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig/rootcrs_rac112042.log", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/rac11204cluster", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/cfgtoollogs/crsconfig", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042", 0, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/crsd", 0, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/ctssd", 0, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/evmd", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/cssd", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/mdnsd", 501, 501) = 0
chown("/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac112042/gpnpd", 501, 501) = 0
.....

其实init修改的东西就是下面文件中的

[grid@rac112041 utl]$ cat crsconfig_dirs |wc -l
147
[grid@rac112041 utl]$ cat crsconfig_fileperms |wc -l
227

由于init参数在11.2.0.3.6以后才提供的参数,如果在11.2.0.3.6之前需要手动修改这些文件的权限,我们可以通过下面的命令来完成

grep -v ^# crsconfig_dirs|grep -v ^$|awk {'print "chown " $3 ":" $4,$2'}>crsconfig_dirs_1.sh
grep -v ^# crsconfig_dirs|grep -v ^$|awk {'print "chmod " $5,$2'}>crsconfig_dirs_2.sh


crsconfig_filesperms

grep -v ^# crsconfig_fileperms|grep -v ^$|awk {'print "chown " $3 ":" $4,$2'}>crsconfig_fileperms_1.sh
grep -v ^# crsconfig_fileperms|grep -v ^$|awk {'print "chmod " $5,$2'}>crsconfig_fileperms_2.sh

1.7 通过执行root.sh来解决权限问题

环境模拟跟上面一样,下面通过执行root.sh来修改文件的权限。大概的步骤如下

root@rac112042 ~]# /etc/init.d/ohasd  stop
Stopping Oracle Clusterware stack
Unable to communicate with the Cluster Synchronization Services daemon.
CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac112042'
CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac112042' has completed
Unable to communicate with the Cluster Synchronization Services daemon.
CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.


[root@rac112042 ~]# /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl  -deconfig -force -verbose
Using configuration parameter file: /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
PRCR-1119 : Failed to look up CRS resources of ora.cluster_vip_net1.type type
PRCR-1068 : Failed to query resources
Cannot communicate with crsd
PRCR-1070 : Failed to check if resource ora.gsd is registered
Cannot communicate with crsd
PRCR-1070 : Failed to check if resource ora.ons is registered
Cannot communicate with crsd

CRS-4535: Cannot communicate with Cluster Ready Services
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
CRS-4544: Unable to connect to OHAS
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
Removing Trace File Analyzer
Successfully deconfigured Oracle clusterware stack on this node

[root@rac112042 ~]# chown -R grid:oinstall /oracle/app/11.2.0
[root@rac112042 ~]# chown -R grid:oinstall /oracle/app/grid

[grid@rac112041 utl]$ olsnodes -n              
rac112041       1
rac112042       2
[root@rac112042 ~]#  /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh 
Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g 

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Using configuration parameter file: /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
User ignored Prerequisites during installation
Installing Trace File Analyzer
OLR initialization - successful
Adding Clusterware entries to upstart
CRS-4402: The CSS daemon was started in exclusive mode but found an active CSS daemon on node rac112041, number 1, and is terminating
An active cluster was found during exclusive startup, restarting to join the cluster
/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl start nodeapps -n rac112042 ... failed
Failed to start Nodeapps at /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_lib.pm line 9400.
/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/lib -I/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl execution failed

[grid@rac112042 ~]$ srvctl start listener -l listener -n rac112042
[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.OCR.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Started             
ora.gsd
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112042                                    
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac11204.db
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Open                
ora.rac112041.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac112042.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041 

重启后测试
[root@rac112042 ~]# reboot
[root@rac112042 ~]# 
Broadcast message from root@rac112042
        (/dev/pts/0) at 20:19 ...

The system is going down for reboot NOW!


[grid@rac112042 ~]$ crsctl status resource -t 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.OCR.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Started             
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                Started             
ora.gsd
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      rac112042                                    
ora.net1.network
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.ons
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.registry.acfs
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.cvu
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.oc4j
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac11204.db
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                   
      2        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                Open                
ora.rac112041.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041                                    
ora.rac112042.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112042                                    
ora.scan1.vip
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac112041
      
      
[grid@rac112042 ~]$ ifconfig -a
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:DD:03:E7  
          inet addr:192.168.111.14  Bcast:192.168.111.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fedd:3e7/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:398 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:369 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:34980 (34.1 KiB)  TX bytes:101352 (98.9 KiB)

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:DD:03:F1  
          inet addr:192.168.112.14  Bcast:192.168.112.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fedd:3f1/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:2793 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:2569 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:1544440 (1.4 MiB)  TX bytes:1168263 (1.1 MiB)

eth1:1    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:DD:03:F1  
          inet addr:169.254.183.8  Bcast:169.254.255.255  Mask:255.255.0.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1

eth2      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:DD:03:FB  
          inet addr:192.168.113.14  Bcast:192.168.113.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fedd:3fb/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:52 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:120 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:8219 (8.0 KiB)  TX bytes:20215 (19.7 KiB)

eth2:1    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:DD:03:FB  
          inet addr:192.168.113.16  Bcast:192.168.113.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:875 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:875 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:1595555 (1.5 MiB)  TX bytes:1595555 (1.5 MiB)

这里看到,集群式正常启动的

2 11.2.0.3的测试

下面简单给出11.2.0.3测试的恢复操作

[root@11rac1 app]# chown -R grid:dba 11.2.0
[root@11rac1 app]# chown -R grid:dba  grid


[grid@11rac1 ~]$ ls -l $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle
-rwxr-x--x 1 grid dba 204033598 Oct 17  2014 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
[grid@11rac1 ~]$ chmod 6751 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle
[grid@11rac1 ~]$ ls -l $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle
-rwsr-s--x 1 grid dba 204033598 Oct 17  2014 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/oracle

3 测试总结

如果出现权限被修改,建议可以删除节点,再添加节点的方式来处理。虽然可以通过改权限等方式来处理,但是不保证后期打补丁或者其它的操作出现一些其它奇怪的错误。

本文固定链接: http://www.htz.pw/2015/12/23/11g-rac%e7%8e%af%e5%a2%83grid%e7%9b%ae%e5%bd%95%e5%8f%8a%e6%96%87%e4%bb%b6%e9%94%99%e8%af%af%e6%9d%83%e9%99%90%e7%9a%84%e4%bf%ae%e5%a4%8d.html | 认真就输

该日志由 huangtingzhong 于2015年12月23日发表在 INSTALL, RAC 分类下, 通告目前不可用,你可以至底部留下评论。
原创文章转载请注明: 11G RAC环境GRID目录及文件错误权限的修复 | 认真就输